The definition of Geopark according to UNESCO (2005): "It is a territory with well-defined boundaries that has an area sufficiently large to serve the local economic development. It comprises a certain number of sites associated with geological heritage of special scientific importance, beauty or rarity, representative of an area and its geological history, events or processes. In addition, a geopark must have ecological, archaeological, historical or cultural value. "
On a global scale, the Geoparks network has existed since 2004 (Global Geoparks Network), formally established at the 1st International Conference on Geoparks in Beijing, held in June of that year. In Europe, the network has existed since the year 2000 (European Geoparks Network). The Global Geoparks Network currently integrates 140 Geoparks, concentrated in 38 countries. Two geoparks represent the American continent, the Geopark Araripe (GA) (Ceará – Brazil) and the Stonehammer Geopark (Canada). GA was the first geopark of the Americas recognized by the Global Network of Geoparks. It was created in 2006, through initiatives by the Government of the state of Ceará in partnership with the Universidade Regional do Cariri (URCA). It is located to the south of the state of Ceará, in the cearense portion of the sedimentary basin of Araripe and covers six municipalities in the Cariri region.
It is important to understand the meaning of each of the seven geodiversity values proposed by Gray (2004), also discussed by Brilha (2005):
Scientific and didactic value: the investigation of certain aspects of the abiotic environment allows delineating the long history of the Earth, drawing the future scenarios of a region and preventing situations of risk, such as in areas of volcanism or active tectonism.
Economic value: This attribution is linked to the total dependence of man on geological materials for activities
Functional value: It is the usefulness value that geodiversity has for man as a support for the realization of its activities and as a substrate for the support of the physical and ecological systems of the Earth
Ponte de pedra
SANTANA DO CARIRI
Pontal da Santa Cruz
Parque dos Pterossauros
Cultural value: It reveals itself in the countless relationships that exist between society and the natural world that surrounds it, in which it is inserted and to which it belongs.
Intrinsic value: It is loaded with subjectivity, reflects a value of its own, of existence, something that is inherent to the abiotic elements regardless of whether it is useful or not for man.
Aesthetic value: They possess this value all those geological/geomorphological landscapes that cause a dazzle of their audience
JUAZEIRO DO NORTE
Colina do Horto
Riacho do Meio
Parque dos Pterossauros geosite
The area of the Pterosaurs Park belongs today to the Universidade Regional do Cariri-URCA and is one of the main sites of fossil finds throughout the northeast. The Geosite is located at the foot of the Chapada de Araripe and offers a beautiful landscape.
Pontal da Santa Cruz geosite
Pontal da Santa Cruz geosite is located 4km from Santana do Cariri, on the road that gives access to the top of the Araripe Plateau. For the more adventurous, it is possible to climb the trail that leads to the chapel and the Big Cross, which, according to popular belief, serves to protect from hauntings that inhabited that place
Ponto de Pedra geosite
You must have heard of the popular saying "water dropping day by day wears the hardest rock away", the geosite corresponds to a geoshape carved in sandstone, the result of erosion caused by water over the last millions of years.
Pedra Cariri geosite
Situated 3km from the center of Nova Olinda, on the shores of the access highway to the municipality of Santana do Cariri, this geosite comprises an old limestone mining area known as Mina Triunfo.
Situated in the Crato municipality, Batateiras geosite is approximately 3km from the administrative headquarters of Geopark Araripe. It is located in the area of Parque Estadual Sítio Fundão, cut by the river Batateira and near the waterfall of the Lameiro.
Colina do Horto geosite
Colina do Horto geosite is 3km from the city of Juazeiro do Norte and comprises the Padre Cicero statue, the Living Museum of Padre Cicero, the Senhor Bom Jesus Church of the Horto and the trail of access to the Santo Sepulcro (2,650 meters).
Riacho do Meio geosite
Situated 7km from the city of Barbalha, in the CE-060 that gives access to the municipality of Jardim, is an area of dense and humid vegetation, with three springs of crystalline water that supply the communities that live in its surroundings.
Floresta Petrificada geosite
Floresta Petriﬁcada do Cariri geosite is located in the Olho D'água Comprido site, 6km southeast of Mission Velha, in the locality known as Grota Funda. The geosite holds a paleontological treasure of incalculable value, which is especially important for the study of paleobotany and geological evolution.
Cachoeira de Mission Velha geosite
Located at Sítio Cachoeira, 3km from the headquarters of the city of Mission Velha, this geosite is characterized by waterfalls, approximately 12 meters high, formed by the Rio Salgado.